In the cultural life of the peoples of the Caucasus important role played by national traditions, which are reflected, above all, in song and dance as they are available to everyone, regardless of social status and monetary wealth. Almost impossible to meet the indigenous inhabitants of the Caucasus region, unable to dance Lezghinka. This dance is a "calling card" of the peoples of the Caucasus.


His world-famous name dance was due to one of the indigenous peoples of the Caucasus-Lezghins living mostly in Dagestan and Azerbaijan. It is for them and secure the status of the pioneers of the dance, which later with certain modifications, has become an integral part of the cultural heritage of all peoples living in the Caucasus.

Lezghinka is a very quick dance (music size 6/8), in which the smooth gliding motion are replaced by sharp attacks with complex technical elements such as pirouettes, Batman, working with machetes and the like. And it is no coincidence, as the dance takes its roots in the distant and not a peaceful time when the outcome of the match was largely dependent on swiftness, agility and endurance of soldiers. All these qualities are reflected in this dance.

Lezghinka can be solo, pair (male and female) and mass. Accordingly, the semantic load of dance is in direct proportion to the number of performers.

Solo Lezghinka is competitive in nature-it's one at a demonstration of the physical skills of individual dancers, such as agility, virtuosity, tireless.

Lezginka steam room reflects the relationship between a man and a woman, typical of the Caucasian peoples. Artists move around by performing certain technical elements, and holding at a certain distance from each other. Movement of the girls are very reminiscent of a floating swan. A young man struggles to look into the eyes of the girl, and she, in turn, draws the eye down, and his whole appearance shows inaccessibility. This kind of game is over mutual bow. Lezginka steam room-without fail dance the bride and groom at the wedding ceremony.

Mass lezginka most often used by professional teams, as it requires from the performers, in addition to individual skill, precise synchronicity in action. Such views tend to not go without a fight simulation, where dancers demonstrate virtuosity with a dagger and a shield. Of course, the mass lezginka can be seen at any event, whether it be feast or reception.

All these species lezginka, despite some differences, are similar in the main-throughout the dance, as the link between the technical elements, used the image of an eagle. Dancer rises on his toes, throwing their arms, wings and begins to move in a circle, getting ready for the flight. The eagle is a totem for Lezghins, it can not be killed and eaten. It symbolizes the pride and independence of the Highlanders.

You should definitely pay attention to the music component lezginka. The most important musical instrument is the drum for the dance, because it was he who sets the rhythm of execution. But, if the drum is missing, it can easily replace the audience that will help dancers by beating the rhythm with the hands-this is unique lezginka.

Lezghinka-not just a dance, it's a classic that has been reflected in the musical works by Glinka and Rubinstein, in feature films and in the works of contemporary composers. A few examples of where you can meet lezginka: Khachaturian's ballet "Gayane», opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila "by M. Glinka.

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