Electronic music of the late of XX century

Electronic music

Modern electronic music of the late 20th century, more avant-garde.

Ambient , applies equally to the "modern" and "classical" electronics, this line of best reflects one of the fundamental ideas of electronic music: do not limit the scope of the standard work means of expression.

Webster's Dictionary defines the word «ambient» as that which covers all sides; environment. Prefix «ambi» comes from the Latin «ambo» , meaning "union" or "both." Nowadays, the concept of Ambient music has received several values ​​that are in Russian language can be characterized as «floating» , «streamlined» (Encyclopedia of Modern Music. M. Mega-Service , 2001. pages 571-572).

Since then Ambient , of course, has undergone a global change, because the representatives of this music was simply impossible not to fall under the influence of various forms of multi-faceted music of the late 20th century. And today, this musical genre is partly a compromise, getting on well at the junction of the "smart" and the psychedelic music of staggering dimensions of popular culture.

emergence of ambient style and his representatives

In the modern version Ambient originated in the late 60th in Berlin. It is predominantly music sequencer using analog synthesizers. Very often, in respect of this direction, we can meet describing epithets illusory, psychedelic, associative, meditation and so on. Typically, this global musical canvases, often built on a recurring musical movements-rings with development, overgrown with bright expressive melismas with one or more melodic lines.

Examples: Klaus Schulze, Bernd Kistenmacher, Tangerine Dream, Mario Schoenwaelder, Chuck Van Zyl, Bas Broekhuis and so on.

By its very nature and direction of musical aesthetics is still the leading and most serious in modern music market. The synth opuses by world-class stand out from the many imitators and plagiarists. I think that even an untrained listener can distinguish work from home crafts professional.

Most often this music is not cheerful, and vice versa-a minor, a dramatic, event-driven. It carries, especially some psychedelic load. If you try to describe this direction from an emotional point of view-is the music of Energy space and autumn rains, music nights and loneliness.

Perhaps the beginning of the 70th today, will not be bright enough and piercing on a common computerized background music, perhaps we need some training if you do not, then at least an inner disposition to accept the information. A person who decides to listen to, for example, Klaus Schulze has to understand that this action, in which he now gets, is fundamentally different from any other music, it's impossible to listen to a noisy group of gay or at the holiday table.

Modern Ambient seen as the culmination of technology and spiritual upheaval. Psychedelia and expanded consciousness of the 60th and beginning of the 70th connected with the technology of digital computer-keyboard hybrids 90th. Relaxing hip-hop and trip-hop rhythms, perhaps, are the main component of most of the modern ambience. Along with repetitive reggae tunes are built tonal textures sampled operatic voices and natural sound palette of this jungle that float through the falling drops of water and the surf ... (Encyclopedia of Modern Music. M. Mega-Service, 2001. Pages 571-572).

DUB Embient

In 1992, a group of KLF has released the first ambient album «Last Train Of Trancecentral» , the first of many "streamlined" album but was largely ignored by the public. At the same time Orb has published their «Adventures Beyond The Ultraworld» , saturated "streamlined" dance music with their skillful manipulation of a thin sound and silence. Bands like Original Rockers , One Dove , Boys Of Crow have become the firstborn of the new stage of ambient music, which was called Ambient Dub. Considerably long period of time, "DAB" was perhaps the natural and the only tool in the development of electronic streamlined atmospheric paintings (Encyclopedia of Modern Music. M. Mega-Service, 2001. Pages 571-572). So called "dub-in" at the beginning extensively used in the recording of vocal works that have been performed "live". Then dub elements (echo and reverb heave) contributed to the birth of a new electric landscape (which is still not out of fashion, and, in practice, is a fundamental part of modern dub-ambient), called «Outerspace» . Like any branch of ambient, Ambient Dub uses every tool line as a raw material in order to unite them into one, united in space and sound, like a painter, mix paints on an easel.

Today's growth and popularity of ambient music is based on a simple formula: Ambient palette can hold a lot of different sounds and still have a single meaning, focus and mood. For example, artists like William Orbit and Future Sound Of London is well known as the "Conversion" set of sonic textures together.

Features Ambient

Ambient music is constantly reinventing itself. Although, sometimes, these inventions are not going to benefit. And quite often we have to listen to a meaningless set of sound perceived as a lengthy introduction and development without end; dimensionless long dull tracks, causing, perhaps, irritation, uninspiring background noise without thought and content.

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Often used in the ambient sounds of the world, natural sounds. Splashes, background sound of the rainforest, rain, waterfalls and birds singing, the wind, cars, people, random rhythms, sounds monotonous working arrangements-all this turns into a "concert of life," in "a remix of nature." Another characteristic and attractive toward the ambient is almost endless opportunity to operate music pauses and, in fact, silence. Perhaps no other piece of music does not allow for such a refined "work" with the silence as sound. Artificial unexpected delays and stops pulsating rhythms, sometimes thought out and balanced to admiration. Sometimes Ambient-is the ability to create a balanced silence between the sounds.

Over time, Ambient music had a tendency to deviate in the direction of psychedelic patterns, increasingly began to talk about the ambient space as music. This was facilitated by the use of deeper meditative tones and a variety of special techniques zvukoobrabotki that, to some extent, can produce a mild narcotic state of mind without the use of any drug was. Says Nick Phillip from the project S3 : «Ambient music is more spiritual than drugs. Music takes you to the enchanting gave fantasies and feelings, compared to which alcohol or drug intoxication your flesh simply can not match. Often in the names of albums or tracks, we see a slight hints of a drug or narcotic state. It's just a metaphor, not a fact. Map-this is not the territory itself » (Samohin EF, Music Today, Cambridge: EX-PRESS, 1999. Pages 7-8).

If you recall the recent past, it is not so long ago, the work relating to one degree or another to this direction, on the contrary imply the absence of any kind was the rhythm, and were filled with pre-prepared backgrounds, vague amorphous structures, potentially rich melismas and timbres. Ambient has turned into an independent music genre that grew out of the "chill-outs", becoming part of the rave culture, but managed to escape the bombardment of 160-180 beats per minute.


The fact that music can have an impact on the formation of the moral qualities of a person known by the ancient. The same Pythagoras, who is better known to us as a mathematician and astronomer, has spoken in ancient aesthetics. "Mixing different tune as drugs-shows his contemporary-he easily turned to the opposite of passion, misplaced jealousy, anger, correcting each of these shortcomings to virtue" (Dzerzhinsk NA "Musical education of preschoolers, MA: Education , 1999. Pages 45-46).

The Pythagoreans proclaimed music special skill, a gift of the gods, the force that purifies and ennobles the soul. They believed that the sounds are related to the senses, and therefore give rise to the response of the soul. From this it was concluded about the educational impact of the music. The followers of Pythagoras sought to music taken over by the state, since in such an important from a social point of view of reality, as the art of music, and unacceptable risk of arbitrariness. They were looking for a "medicinal preparations" melodies, rhythms and dance movements that can curb the extreme passions and clear them from the evil.

Another Greek philosopher, Plato, Pythagoras sympathetic aesthetic views, wrote that "... the rhythm and harmony penetrate most deeply into the human soul and most of all grab it, if education delivered correctly. It is clear from experience that when we perceive our ears hear the rhythm and melody, we have changed the mood of mind. The perception of music leads to the fact that we are beginning to experience the same feelings when faced with life's truth "(DB Kabalevsky," Music and music education ", M.:" Center ", 1997. Pages 121-122).

The thought of Plato, Aristotle developed: "Should not the music, besides the fact that it delivers the usual enjoyment, and serve a higher purpose, namely, to produce its effect on the human psyche and ethics. That music affects the moral character, proven among many other songs of Olympus, which, admittedly, is filled with soul enthusiasm, passion and enthusiasm there is moral order in our psyche "(DB Kabalevsky," Music and music education ", M. , "Center", 1997. Pages 121-122). It is no accident music classes (listening to music, playing the lyre, cittern, flute, choral singing) from the time of Solon, included in the program of Greek schools. And the ancient Greek teacher, picking up some music, tried to develop in young Greeks qualities such as kindness, simplicity, courage ... (Dzerzhinsk NA "Musical education of preschoolers, MA: Education, 1999. Pages 45-46).

Sound images are first on the emotional state of the person, on his feelings.

Objectively defined sound creates harmony or disharmony in a person more or less adequate feeling. This may be a feeling of joy or sorrow, triumph or horror, sadness or sorrow, pity or misery, love or hatred, bitterness, or tenderness, pleasure or disgust. That feeling is the main musical perception of reality, there is a primary emotional meaning, more or less equally perceived by people, uniting them in the process of hearing and experiencing. Rational sense of music is secondary to the emotional meaning and mediated by them. Therefore, in contrast to the emotional sense, which may be experienced by different people more or less the same, rational understanding of human beings, especially children, musical composition is varied. People of all ages who do not have the necessary life experience, a particular feeling, the emotional experience of music often give birth in the minds of random images and thoughts.

The essence of music perception in the first place in the experience of feeling. Therefore, it is obvious that any attempt in the perception of music right out on its rational sense, intellectualize the process of musical perception entail risks of ignoring the specifics of music as art, knowledge of her feelings, that the main thing that is determined by its specific language and brings people together in understanding the emotional sense. Music creates a feeling, a sense creates a coherent mood, which develops into a mental state. Mental state establishes in the mind a certain attitude to life. But one of music for full human perception, there is little (the development of science and progress, gave us a color music).

In the 20th century, that not only do many people in the arts, but musicologists and scholars determined importance, the role and place of music in the life of any person. Among them was a Russian-Soviet composer, musicologist, teacher and public figure in music-Asafev Boris. He brought together two such thing as music and society by developing a system in which the music is performed not only hedonistic and relaxation functions, but also brought up, taught, picking up anyone on a higher cultural level. Asaf considered musical art in the context of world culture, where, according to his theory, the music is-a specific social environment and its historic sounds, the organization of which grows out of the needs of society. He created a new type of musicological system open to meeting musicology with other fields of scientific knowledge, which contributed to an in-depth reflection on the specifics of musical events and identify their material of some general aesthetic patterns. The foundation of his system was the tone of his theory, based on which Asafev attempted to examine specific forms of artistic thinking.

So the music in the twentieth century, thanks to the innovative ideas of the composers (the brainchild of which it is), and even educates, teaches society together in their basic and higher spiritual needs.

But at the end of the 20th century, the music is an individual that is committed to the general, the general perception, the general understanding of the world, that is one of the most important areas of modern style and contemporary electronic (synthesizer) music: Ambient (Optekaemoy). Basically, Ambient-it's all music. Ever since the cave man began pounding on the rocks, with the church music of the 14th century, music was always a dumb device for communication and expression of their own feelings. Mozart was trying to put humor into musical language in Opera Buffa, Gustav Mahler imitate the color of the trees in his compositions. At all times, the composers have worked creating music that awakens and reflected the life, character and nature (Samohin EF, Music Today, Cambridge: EX-PRESS, 1999. Pages 7-8).

Applies equally to the "modern" and "classical" electronics, Ambient, as a new musical direction best reflects one of the fundamental ideas of all electronic music: do not limit the scope of the standard creative means of expression.

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Not limited expressiveness, of course, can lead to a complete absurdity, and to the occasional negativity (as many modern youth music, because of its excessive rhythm led to the enthusiasm of young people taking this drug music). But this, I want to believe, is not about Ambient, which uses the sounds of the world, natural sounds (water splashes, background sounds of the rainforest, rain, waterfalls and birds singing, the wind, cars, people, random rhythms, sounds monotonous working arrangements-all these so-called "remix of nature"), and probably has to meditation and relaxation to a wider perception of ourselves and the universe.

And so it seems with the development of today's modern technology and the ever-increasing (not always the highest spiritual) needs of the society becomes relevant transfer and the musical scope of medical term "first do no harm ...". After all, any music, whatever it may be, should bring primarily benefit the listener, not harm.

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